|Short name||Organisation legal full name||Country||Webpage|
|1||JRP-Coordinator||BEV/PTP||Physikalisch-Technischer Pruefdienst des Bundesamt fuer Eich- und Vermessungswesen||Austria||www.bev.gv.at|
|2||Funded JRP-Partner||CEA||Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives||France||www.nucleide.org|
|3||Funded JRP-Partner||CIEMAT||Centro de investigaciones energeticas, medioambientales y tecnologicas||Spain||www.ciemat.es|
|4||Funded JRP-Partner||CMI||Cesky Metrologicky Institut Brno||Czech Republic||www.cmi.cz|
|5||Funded JRP-Partner||ENEA||Agenzia Nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l’energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile||Italy||www.inmri.enea.it|
|6||Funded JRP-Partner||IJS||Institut Jožef Stefan||Slovenia||www.ijs.si|
|7||Funded JRP-Partner||IST||Instituto Superior Técnico||Portugal||www.ist.utl.pt|
|8||Funded JRP-Partner||JRC||JRC – Joint Research Centre- European Commission||EC||www.mahb.jrc.it|
|9||Funded JRP-Partner||MKEH||Magyar Kereskedelmi Engedelyezesi Hivatal||Hungary||www.mkeh.gov.hu|
|10||Funded JRP-Partner||NPL||NPL Management Limited||UK||www.npl.co.uk|
|11||Funded JRP-Partner||NRPA||Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority||Norway||www.nrpa.no|
|12||Funded JRP-Partner||STUK||Säteilyturvakeskus||Finl and||www.stuk.fi|
|13||REG||BOKU||Universität für Bodenkultur Wien||Austria||www.boku.ac.at|
|14||REG||GIG||Główny Instytut Górnictwa,Ślaskie Centrum Radiometrii Środowiskowej||Pol and||www.radiometria.gig.eu|
|15||REG||SURO||Státní ústav radiační ochrany||Czech Republic||www.suro.cz|
These collaborators do not deliver work content of the JRP, do not sign the JRP-Contract and are not bound by its terms and conditions. The relationship between each collaborator and the JRP-Consortium will be addressed through an ‘Exchange of Letters’.
The organisations below have indicated their potential willingness to collaborate with the JRP in areas of mutual interest.
|Short name||Organisation legal full name||Country|
|1||Collaborator||VUHZ||VUHZ a.s.||Czech Republic|
|2||Collaborator||IRSN||Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire||France|
In the field of ionising radiation, including dosimetry and radionuclide metrology, the BEV has been working for more than 30 years as the primary st andard and National Metrology Laboratory of Austria. Due to strongly established cooperation with European NMIs, research institutes and universities, the BEV is able to play an important role in the development of the state-of-the-art metrology especially in the field of ionising radiation. BEV has a long experience in dosimetry as well as activity measurements together with a service for hospitals in this field. The metrological competence of the laboratory is strongly assured by several high-level primary and secondary st andards for absorbed dose to water, air kerma and radionuclide activity. The laboratory contributed to the key comparisons of the CCRI/BIPM and other comparisons within EUROMET Projects.
The laboratory staff are active in science and research as well. The laboratory is well equipped for ionising radiation measurements and Monte-Carlo simulation. The scientific and technical work is based on a well-established quality management system. The scientific staff of the laboratory has been contributed to international journals and scientific conferences in the field of radionuclide metrology, dosimetry, radiation protection metrology and activity measurements.
CEA is the French atomic energy commission. Its laboratory LNHB (Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel) is the French national metrology laboratory for ionising radiation designated by LNE. It has a permanent staff of 53. The fields covered by CEA are radionuclide metrology and dosimetry of photons and charged particles. In those fields, the laboratory develops and maintains references, and transfers them to accredited st andard laboratories and end users, according to its ISO 17025 accreditation and MRA. In radionuclide metrology, the laboratory has largely contributed to the Key Comparison Base of BIPM (for 62 radionuclides, and 3 reference materials). The laboratory proposes each year a programme of proficiency tests dedicated to laboratories and end users, e.g. in nuclear industry and nuclear power plants, by preparing and sending to participants st andard reference materials such as radioactive solutions at different activity levels, iodine filters, to be characterised by them. In that field, the laboratory has recently got equipment to develop natural matrix st andards for proficiency testing of environmental survey laboratories. The laboratory is also involved in the evaluation and publication of radionuclide decay data. This task has been carried out by the laboratory for about 35 years, first by itself and for about 15 years in the frame of an international group of experts, Decay Data Evaluation Project (DDEP), coordinated by CEA (M.M. Bé, leader of WP1 of that JRP) and whose recommended data are published since 2004 as a BIPM Monographie (n°5).
The Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT) is a Spanish Public Research Institution dependent on the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. Since its formation in 1951, it has developed and led R&D projects in the fields of Energy, Environment and Technology, placing the institution at the forefront of science and technology. As a technological research centre, CIEMAT fosters links between academia and industry.
Its main activities include:
- To promote the introduction and improve the competitiveness of renewable energies on the energy market
- To improve the efficiency and environmental quality of fossil fuels
- To optimise waste management and safety of nuclear fission energy
- To demonstrate the role of nuclear fusion as a future energy alternative
- To assess the environmental impact of energy
- To promote the development of environmentally-friendly technologies that respect the environment
- To transfer horisontal technologies to industry
- To improve scientific returns derived from CIEMAT activities
- To strengthen industrial participation in international projects with high technological content
- And to foster technology transfer, training and scientific outreach.
With 1415 employees, 37 % holding a University degree, CIEMAT has a wide presence in both national and international scientific and technical forums. Some of its facilities are unique in Europe.
CIEMAT maintains the national st andards of Activity of radionuclides, Kerma and Absorbed dose and operates 7 laboratories covering α-, β- and γ-emitters, and 137Cs, 60Co beams at protection and therapy levels, X-rays ISO qualities from 10 to 300 kV, and 85Kr, 147Pm and 90Sr/90Y β radiation beams.
The CIEMAT experience traces back to the 60’s.
Cesky Metrologicky Institut (the Czech Metrology Institute) is the national metrology institute of the Czech Republic. The basic subject of the CMI is the function as a state administration body according to the Law No. 505/1990 Coll. on metrology in the fields of national st andards, dissemination of units and measuring instruments legal metrological control.
The CMI activities contain:
- Maintenance and technical development of national, primary and secondary st andards including measurement units dissemination to secondary st andards,
- Type testing, verification and calibration of measuring instruments,
- Scientific, development and research activities in the field of metrology,
- International cooperation in the field of metrology,
- Providing of metrological expertise, issuing of certificates and expert opinions,
- Managing of certified st andards and issuing their certificates.
Inspectorate for Ionising Radiation (CMI-IIR) is responsible for metrology in the field of ionising radiation.
CMI-IIR is experienced in environmental monitoring systems testing in nuclear facilities, including radioactive waste measurement.
The National Institute of Ionizing Radiation Metrology at ENEA is responsible for developing and providing the Italian national st andards relating to the ionising radiation quantities. The metrological activities at ENEA are carried out along the following lines: Therapy level and industrial radiation processing dosimetry st andards, Protection level dosimetry st andards, Radionuclide and neutron st andards. A calibration service for instruments used in the measurement of ionising radiation is performed at ENEA, according to the MRA, for medical, research, industrial and radiation protection purposes. The research activities at ENEA include: development of new detectors and detection methods, computer simulation, radioactivity reference materials. In the field of radionuclide metrology, the ENEA can rely on various absolute and relative measurement systems and a new radiochemical laboratory for manipulation of radioactive materials for preparation of st andard radioactive sources and radiometric reference materials.
The basic activities of the Infrastructure group for radioactivity measurements at Department F2 (IJS) are basic research in the field of ionising radiation, including calibration and testing. It is designated institute by MIRS and holder of national st andards for air kerma, dose equivalent and activity. Beside this it is appointed by SNSA as authorised laboratory for testing and providing expert opinions in the field of radioactivity measurements, including environmental monitoring programs, as well as radioactive waste measurements.
The main activities are:
- Maintenance and technical development of national st andards and its dissemination
- Calibration of measuring instruments
- Scientific development and research activities in the field of metrology of ionising radiation
- Providing of metrological expertise, issuing of certificates and expert opinions
- Participation in characterisation of (certified) reference materials
- Testing in the field of radioactivity measurements
IST, where is located the National Laboratory for Ionizing Radiation (LMRI), is the Portuguese national metrology laboratory for ionising radiation designated by IPQ (Instituto Português da Qualidade). Recently, has been merged with the Technical University, the IST (Instituto Superior Técnico). The new institution, the IST is a Unit of the IST (Technological and Nuclear campus) from the Technical University of Lisbon. Its primary mission is to perform scientific research, technological development and advanced training, particularly in the field of nuclear sciences and technologies and the applications of radiation and radioisotopes, providing also important public services in the field of radiological protection, safety and radioactive waste management. IST maintains the LMRI and all its rights and duties and is also a member of the International Committee on Radionuclide Metrology (ICRM) since 2011.
Besides of the activities developed in the dosimetry field at LMRI, IST provides analytical services in the area of radioactive analysis both for in-house and outside clients, in order to support industrial and commercial activities. IST also provides training and education at the industrial and medical sectors dem and and participates with its radiation measurement expertise and radio-analytical capacities in a wide range of research projects in the framework of the EURATOM/FP7, NATO, IAEA and National research programs. Several techniques are available for this purpose, namely, high resolution γ-ray spectrometry, liquid scintillation counting, (both accredited according the ISO/IEC 17025), and gas flow proportional counting. IST performs in-situ measurements in several scenarios related with radiological protection in general, is responsible for the nationwide radioactive waste management (national interim storage facility)), and provides technical, scientific and legislative support to the competent authorities and regulatory bodies for the nuclear and radiological areas.
For the purpose of this project it is of special relevance the support to the decision provided by IST, both to the NORM industries and authorities, in terms of radiological risk evaluation and classification (application of the concepts of exclusion, exemption and clearance) of the raw materials, products, by-products and wastes produced.
The European Commission’s Joint Research Centre's (JRC) Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) is a transnational metrology institute of the European Commission. Its Radionuclide Metrology Laboratory, founded in 1960, has a considerable experience in the primary st andardisation of activity, low-level radioactivity measurements and in nuclear decay data measurements. With respect to the JRP, JRC has excellent radiometric facilities for γ-ray spectrometry (above ground and underground), liquid scintillation counting, high-resolution α-particle spectrometry and many techniques for primary st andardisation. JRC is also performing isotopic research by mass spectrometry. JRC's Unit for Isotope measurements is accredited according to ISO/IEC 17025 for isotopic measurements using ICPMS.
Earlier the National Office of Measures (OMH) carried out those tasks which originated from legal and scientific metrology field in Hungary. Since 2007 the OMH has been merged into Hungarian Trade Licensing Office (MKEH) together with its task. The Office maintains the National St andards and makes their international comparisons and assures the national dissemination with calibrating the measuring instruments. It provides the type-tests and authentication of those measurement instruments which have to be authenticated and issues the EU compliance certification.
The Radiation Physics and Chemistry section deals with (among others) the metrology of ionising radiation. The main activities of the radioactivity group:
- Maintenance of primary and secondary national st andards and the 84 CMC lines on the radioactivity field,
- Participation in international comparisons,
- Preparation of liquid and solid radioactive certified reference materials,
- Calibration of dose calibrators at the medical centres,
- Type-tests and verifications of surface contamination meters and monitors,
- Calibration of γ spectrometry measuring systems in point and Marinelli geometry,
- Participation in work of international organisations (BIPM CCRI, ICRM).
The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is the UK’s national st andards laboratory. Founded in 1900, it has become a world leading National Measurement Institute (NMI), with over 400 specialists in measurement science and Research & Development. As the UK’s national st andards laboratory, NPL underpins the National Measurement System, ensuring consistency and traceability of measurements throughout the UK. NPL offers a range of measurement services, contract research, consultancy and training services. Other areas of expertise include the design and characterisation of engineering materials and also mathematical software, especially its application to measurement and instrumentation.
The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (NRPA) is the competent national authority in the area of radiation protection and nuclear safety in Norway. The NRPA was created in 1993 through the consolidation of the former Nuclear Energy Safety Authority with the National institute of Radiation Hygiene. The NRPA is responsible for:
- overseeing the use of radioactive substances and fissile material
- coordinating contingency plans against nuclear accidents and radioactive fallout
- monitoring natural and artificial radiation in the environment and at the workplace
- increasing our knowledge of the occurrence, risk and effects of radiation
The Radiation Protection Authority is organised under the ministry of Health and Care Services. The NRPA oversees all use made of radiation sources in medicine, industry and research in Norway. The authority aims to reduce risks to employees, patients and the population alike. In addition, it is a national st andards laboratory for the units of Bq, Sv and Gy. The environmental radiation laboratories of the NRPA employ a range of techniques for radionuclide measurements, including γ spectrometry, α spectrometry, β counting and liquid scintillation counting.
Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) is a public agency, whose mission is to protect people, society, the environment and future generations from the harmful effects of radiation. STUK's regulatory functions cover the use of nuclear energy and all activities that make use of radiation or radioactive substances. STUK carries out research related to ionising and non-ionising radiation. The research activities cover, among others, radiation detection methods, dosimetry, radiation hygiene, medical use of radiation, radiation biology and natural radiation.
STUK acts as the National St andards Laboratory for ionising radiation. STUK has experience and high competence in various radioanalytical and dosimetric measurements and in the development of measurement techniques, and has participated in international (IAEA, ICRU, ICRM, CTBTO) and national working groups and projects.
Currently STUK is a member of ICRM (International Committee for Radionuclide Metrology), a member in ALMERA network (Analytical Laboratories Measuring Environmental Radioactivity), a member in the st andardization work of the Technical Committee TC147: Water quality, radiological measurements (WG4), a member in a network for ionising radiation st andard laboratories jointly maintained by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the World Health Organisation (WHO), and an associate member, as a designated institute, of EURAMET (European Association of National Metrology Institutes).
STUK’s laboratory processes in the field of gamma-spectrometric and radiochemical determinations and environmental sampling are accredited. Accreditation was awarded by FINAS (The Finnish Accreditation Service) in 1999 and was renewed in 2003, 2007 and 2011 according to the European St andard EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005. STUK laboratory is also a certified CTBTO (Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization) radionuclide laboratory.
STUK participates annually in several inter-comparisons of radionuclide analyses arranged by international organisations, e.g. IAEA, NIST, Procorad and CTBTO. STUK has also participated in characterization of reference materials together with other metrology institutes.
The REG is funded and contracted directly by EURAMET, however the REG-Researcher will report to the JRP-Consortium in terms of tasking and progress.”
Universitaet fuer Bodenkultur Wien (The University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna; BOKU), is an education and research centre for renewable resources, which are a necessity for human life. With its wide range of areas of expertise it is the task of BOKU to contribute significantly to the protection of life resources for future generations. With a connection between natural sciences, engineering and economics, BOKU is trying to deepen the knowledge of an ecologically and economically sustainable use of natural resources in a cultivated l andscape. Part of the BOKU is a testing laboratory for environmental radioactivity and radiation protection, “Prüflabor für Umweltradioaktivität und Strahlenschutz (PLUS)”. The testing laboratory is an approved body in accordance with the Austrian NORM Ordinance “NatStrV – Federal Law Gazette no. II 2/2008”. The Ordinance regulates increased natural exposure for workers in defined areas of work, as well as increased natural exposure for members of the public caused by residues with increased content of uranium or thorium, which occur in areas affected by the regulation work areas. In general our responsibilities (according to the NatStrV) cover the fields of dose estimation, dose determination and residue analysis.
To realize measurements, BOKU operates a Low-Level Counting Laboratory (LLCL). The LLCL is a special facility designed for low-level radioactivity measurements. This is enabled by the application of 1.6 m heavy concrete, 3 cm Low-Level Lead, 0.5 cm Low-Level Steel for the shielding against cosmic and terrestrial radiation and a special air condition to provide a radon progeny free air. The laboratory is unique in its metrological low-level design in Austria. Due to the special design and excellent shielding, gamma spectrometric analyses can be carried out almost without any background radiation. Since the commissioning of the laboratory many research projects were performed in the fields of environmental and life sciences, radioecology, isotope hydrology, metrology and radiation protection. Further the laboratory was used for testing and calibration, verifications and inter-comparisons.
GIG is located in Katowice, the administrative centre of Silesia, a mining and industrial region in southern Pol and. GIG is research and development institute, working for mining industry, local authorities and environment protection business. The main activity of SCRS, a GIG department, is aimed at the problems caused by NORM at industrial and post-industrial areas. One of the significant achievements of SCRS’s team is the complete system of radioprotection, including all, measurement methods, risk evaluation and regulations implemented in all Polish underground mines in 1989. After the system had been enforced in mining industry the main scientific activity of SCRS was directed into protection widely comprehended environment against ionising radiation, including e.g. final disposal and reuse of waste containing enhanced concentration of natural radioactivity in civil engineering, radon and radon progeny at homes and workplaces and effects on non-human biota related to the simultaneous presence of radioactivity and other toxic metals under different environmental conditions. SCRS has an implemented QA/QC system since 1993 (Polish Centre of Accreditation PCA certificate number AB 005), which it received as the first radiometric laboratory in Pol and. For the almost 20 years, more than 30 000 samples have been measured by gamma or liquid scintillation spectrometry. The samples cover very vide range of different materials as liquid and solid waste from mining industry, coal combustion products (CCP), raw materials, building materials, air filters, waste from other NORM industry, biological samples, food, feed and product of metallurgical industry.
GIG SCRS disposes low background underground gamma spectrometry laboratory, high volume, fully controlled radon chamber, low level liquid scintillator spectrometers and itself developed system for radon progeny in air measurement.
GIG SCRS’s unique experience and ability to analyze the occurrence and behaviour of natural radionuclides in materials of natural origin as well as in different industrial waste makes it an enviable partner in this project.
The REG is funded and contracted directly by EURAMET, however the REG-Researcher will report to the JRP-Consortium in terms of tasking and progress.”
Statni ustav radiacni ochrany v.v.i. (National Radiation Protection Institute; SURO), is a public research institution focused on research in the field of radiation protection and emergency preparedness. It also supports state administration and consultation activities in these fields, operation and development of the National Radiation Monitoring Network and international data exchange. SURO activities involve the research and development of radiation protection: radiation monitoring network, new rapid monitoring methods, local radiation emergencies, security research e.g. threat of a terrorist attack involving abuse of radioactive substances/radiological weapons, professional radiation exposure, exposure to radiation from natural sources and medical exposure.
The SURO laboratories are equipped with high-tech instruments, including: alpha and beta spectrometers, low-background alpha-beta counters, semiconductor gamma spectrometers in special shielding designed for measurement low activities of radionuclides in environment, MEDIPIX/TIMEPIX pixel detectors, devices for collection of aerosols including cascade impactors enabling determination of size distribution of aerosol particles, equipment for collection of radioactive gases, and chemical laboratories equipped for determination of alpha and beta radionuclides. A high-tech Radon chamber is operated for research, development and calibration of new radon monitors, a CTP laboratory is operated for monitoring of internal contamination and special low energy HPGe detectors are used for in vivo detection of transuranium radionuclides in the lungs and human skeleton.